For decades the props and equipment used in yoga asana practice have been evolving from their humble beginnings. From simple “bricks” like the ones of stone first used by B.K.S. Iyengar to walls that resemble a torture chamber with ropes and pulleys, the art of the prop can sometimes be more complicated than the asana that it is designed to enhance. 

Now throw anti-gravity yoga and aerial yoga into the mix, and you have a whole new approach to the experience of asana!  These “slings” or “hammocks” that hang from the ceiling, suspend the practitioner in mid-air for what becomes an acrobatic approach to practicing yoga poses.

What is Aerial Yoga?

Aerial and anti-gravity yoga originate with creators who have backgrounds in dance, gymnastics, and acrobatics. The anti-gravity style of yoga was created in 2014 by gymnast and yogi Christopher Harrison for the nationwide chain of gyms called Crunch. The yoga swing concept has been utilized by gymnasts for the sake of exploring the air for a while, and some found that many of the movements were similar to yoga asana. So the concept was molded and enhanced to fit into the practice of asana within a yoga class.

Aerial yoga utilizes a suspended sling-like hammock to support some or all of your body weight while you perform hatha yoga poses. Some of the Aerial yoga poses are entirely passive, while others require different levels of body strength. The practice combines elements of yoga, aerobics, pilates, and acrobatics to produce an entirely new spin on the physical aspects of yoga asana, and its popularity in urban yoga circles is growing.

What is a yoga hammock?

The fabric hammock used in Aerial yoga is a specific prop that is anchored to the ceiling and designed to support around 600 pounds of weight. There are two main designs that are used. One type of yoga hammock is a wide loop of fabric that is identical to what is used in ariel performance arts. The other type is usually described as a yoga swing and has multiple handles and cinching sewn into the fabric.

These hammocks differ from traditionally utilized props in several ways, one of which is that the entire class is practiced in tandem with the swing.  From the beginning to savasana, the hammocks are props that are never put away, all of the asanas in an aerial yoga class are modified to include the support of the swing. 

Some classes make use of the swings throughout the entire class, while others use them as more of a prop to assist specific asanas.  Samadhi Yoga Institute in Puerto Rico has developed a whole system using the swing.  Owner Lizelle Arzuaga has developed a program that integrates the format of traditional Samadhi yoga classes to the swing with a combination of vinyasa-like floor exercises, modified sun salutes, and even savasana.

What is Aerial Yoga good for?

Aerial yoga approaches asana from a playful point of view.  Participants are encouraged to stay “lighthearted” while manipulating the “laws of physics” as they hang suspended in the air exploring backbends and inversions or wrapping up cocoon-like for a unique expression of savasana. 

The soft fabric hammock is utilized to change one’s dynamic relationship to the ground, allowing the participant to better understand their body and its relationship to physics.  The effects of this experiment claim to make inversions more accessible by alleviating back and neck compression and aligning the spine and decompressing the joints of the body.

Discovering playfulness and joy

Whether or not one can find the deeper aspects of yoga from a swing above the ground is an individual determination. Still, as a committed yoga practitioner myself, I would revel in the chance to explore asana while hanging suspended from the ceiling.  What an authentic exploration of Leela this practice could be!  In Sanskrit, Leela is the universal play of consciousness, that aspect of joyful abandon that lies in each and every situation, the game of life. 

In fact, Leela is life itself free of all constraints, limitations, and illusions.  It is the field in which we play out our roles in life to gain a deeper understanding of ourselves and our purpose.  Sometimes we struggle to find freedom and fun in our everyday situations.  Even in our yoga practice, we can become so serious and determined that we miss the bigger picture of joy that is the gift of the practice.

Lizelle began using the swings for therapeutic purposes only, but she found as she worked with them more and more, that they brought her students a playfulness and joy that they weren’t always found in traditional asana classes, so she began creating whole classes with the swing.  “I haven’t taught a single aerial yoga class yet where someone doesn’t laugh. 

We shout, we scream, and we have a lot of fun.” “In contrast to a traditional asana class where we use strength to hold our asana,” says Lizelle, “aerial yoga is about learning how to let go within the asana.”

Benefits of Aerial Yoga:

  • Improves flexibility and range of motion
  • Increases circulation
  • Builds core strength
  • It’s a no-impact form of exercise and is easy on your joints
  • It can help you master inversions
  • It brings a sense of play and fun to your yoga practice
Aerial Yoga poses

Contraindications of Aerial Yoga

There are a few contraindications to aerial yoga, similar to those of inversions, people who suffer from uncontrolled high blood pressure or glaucoma shouldn’t practice it.  But for all of the many people who suffer from neck or back problems that have prevented them from pursuing a yoga practice in the past, aerial yoga or anti-gravity yoga might be the answer.  The traction that this practice provides allows freedom of center and eliminates the spinal compression that can occur in a traditional asana class.

Aerial Yoga tips

Aerial yoga may not take the place of traditional asana classes, but it can bring balance to your practice.  The principles of balance and core integration that are the major focuses of this style of yoga can help to develop deeper strength and balance that you can apply to more traditional practice. If you are new to this form of yoga, it is recommended to find a specialized Aerial yoga studio to take a class in. If you decide to practice at home, make sure you use secure and properly installed ceiling anchors or an aerial yoga stand.


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Courtesy / Credit: Yoga Basics

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